Throughput agreement is a commonly used term in the oil and gas industry. It is an agreement between a pipeline operator and a shipper that outlines the terms and conditions for the transportation of crude oil, natural gas, or refined products through a pipeline system. In this article, we will explore the meaning of throughput agreement and its importance for the oil and gas industry.
In simple terms, a throughput agreement is a contract that governs the transportation of oil and gas products through a pipeline system from the point of origin to the destination. The agreement outlines the terms and conditions of the transportation, including the volume of products to be transported, the duration of the agreement, and the tariffs or fees to be paid by the shipper for the transportation service.
Throughput agreements are critical for the oil and gas industry, as pipelines are the primary mode of transportation for crude oil and natural gas. These agreements ensure that pipeline operators have a steady stream of revenue from shippers, while shippers benefit from reliable transportation services. The agreements also provide clarity and stability in the market, which is crucial for the industry`s growth and development.
One of the critical components of a throughput agreement is the commitment to transport a minimum volume of products, known as the minimum volume commitment (MVC). The MVC is the minimum amount of product that the shipper guarantees to transport over the duration of the agreement. This commitment ensures that pipeline operators have a steady flow of revenue from shippers, even during periods of low demand or market volatility.
Throughput agreements also contain provisions for force majeure events, such as natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other unforeseeable events that may impact the transportation of products. These provisions protect both the pipeline operator and the shipper from financial liabilities resulting from disruptions in the transportation system.
In conclusion, throughput agreements are a critical component of the oil and gas industry`s transportation infrastructure. They provide clarity and stability to the market, ensure reliable transportation services for shippers, and guarantee steady revenue streams for pipeline operators. Understanding the meaning of throughput agreements and their importance in the industry is essential for stakeholders involved in oil and gas transportation.